How Wool Is Made - A Sheep's Story

How Wool Is Made - A Sheep's Story // June 07, 2018

Most people know that wool comes from sheep, but how it transforms from a sheep’s fluffy coat to material that’s ready to be worn is a journey. Wool goes through a multi-step process to clean it, regularize it, and transforms it into soft yarn. Although machinery can make the process much faster today, in most ways the process is the same as how people have been preparing wool for centuries.

Shearing the Sheep

Every year, at the end of winter, sheep farmers shear their sheep, using an electric tool similar to a razor that removes all of the sheep’s fleece in one piece. A single sheep’s annual fleece can weigh over 8 kilos, although most are around 3-4kgs. When done with care, shearing doesn’t harm the sheep – a key priority of our wool vendors at Baabuk. Shearing leaves them with a thin, cool coat for the summer months. Without shearing, the sheep’s fleece can severally overgrow, such as the famous case of “Shrek the Sheep”.


The wool is then sorted and prepared for cleaning.

Cleaning the Wool

A simple step of washing the wool with removes dirt, other contaminants, and natural oils from the wool. Some of these byproducts of cleaning the wool get used for other purposes. Lanolin, a wax secreted by sheep that helps to protect their wool, is included in many beauty products such as skin moisturizer.

Carding the Wool

Next, the wool fibers go through carding, a process that pulls them through fine metal teeth. Sheep wool is naturally curly; carding straightens out the fibers and makes them soft and fluffy. Originally, carding would be done by hand using two metal combs. Today, most manufacturers use machines to card large batches of wool more quickly. By the end of carding, the wool fibers are lined up into a thin, flat piece. These sheets can then be drawn into long, thin pieces called rovings


Spinning the Wool into Yarn

Spinning turns the wool pieces into a material that’s usable. Spinning uses a wheel to spin 2-5 strands of wool together. This forms long, strong pieces of wool that you would recognize as yarn. Different processes create different kinds of yarn that work for distinct final products. Worsted spinning, for example, makes a smooth, thin yarn that’s perfect for suits and other garments made with the finer material. Woolen spinning, on the other hand, makes a thicker yarn that’s perfect for knitting.

Weaving and Knitting

Some wool yarn is sold directly to consumers, who use it to craft hand-made scarves, sweaters, and other clothing. Other yarn forms the raw material for all kinds of wool products, from shoes to coats. It’s woven into pieces of fabric that are ready to be shaped by fashion designers.


Wool quickly absorbs water, which makes it very easy to dye. It can be dyed at almost any stage of the process, depending on what the final product will be. Simply submerging the wool into boiling water with the dye material, or applying colorful dyes directly to the fabric, produces the desired color.


The process of transforming a sheep’s fleece into soft and cozy wool is truly an art form that needs to be carefully managed. Although the process can be time-consuming, the end product carries many natural benefits. We’re proud to produce our sneakers, slippers, and boots with quality as the primary objective, from 100% natural wool – no blends and no compromises


Check out Baabuk's soft & cozy wool shoes!

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Sizing Chart


To find your perfect size, please use our Size Finder page.

This is the BAABUK sizing chart for our sneaker/urban wooler collection

Choosing the right shoes online can be difficult, in addition to regular sizing, we offer additional measurements in the chart below so that you can measure your foot to get the perfect fit.

Note that our shoes are made of wool. Wool is a stretchable material that will adapt itself to your foot. I general we recommend that if you have a larger feet or if you are in between two sizes  to take the size above (e.g EU 42 1/2 -> 43).

Size chart :

EU Size

Lengths (mm)

Girth (mm)



In order to choose your perfect pair just measure the length and girth of your feet.

To measure the length you can put your feet on a with page of paper and draw the line in front and at the back of your feet (the highest point at the front and at the back). The length can vary between 1 and 2 mm. To measure the girth you will circle your feet at the ball part. Check this link how to measure the ball girth.

If your feet is large we suggest that you choose the size above that is matching to the girth given in our chart.

The pictures below will help you with these measurements : 

Size Chart Baabuk

Please not that if the size you choose doesn't fit you perfectly you can exchange your shoes.

Slipper Sizing:

The slipper are hand-felted in one piece without any stitching. The advantage of these kind of slippers is that with the time, your feel will continue to felt the slippers and they will take the shape of your feet.

We have cut the opening of the shoes a little bit tighter. For the kids and female sizes we have cut a litle 'V' cut to make it easier to entre the shoe. In case you feel its still too tight, just cut with a scisor the 'V' a little bit bigger. That is only possible with hand-felted wool slippers.

Converting US/EU Sizes? Use our Size Finder page.

Conditions : Please contact us if you want to exchange the shoes. Once we have validate your request you can ship us the unused shoe (on your charges). We will ship you back a new pair (on our charges).

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